# Grade 1 Math

First grade students appreciate the joy and power of mathematics and use it as a tool for reasoning and problem solving. The students learn a great deal about numbers this year. They are introduced to number models, number lines, and number grids as tools to help with the computation of addition and subtraction problems. The patterns on number grids are examined as the students find odd and even numbers, determine amount of change from one row to the next, and compare the digits in the ones and tens columns. Students are introduced to card games, dice games, and 100 Chart games to help them practice their addition facts. They also work with base-10 blocks to explore place value.

The program moves the students beyond non-standard units of measure and introduces them to rulers to measure the length of objects and create line segments of specific lengths. They explore the concept of area using pattern blocks and compare the weight of different items using pan balances. First graders continue to expand their knowledge of time and money and the concepts of symmetry, fractions, and probability are also introduced.

Our first grade students will:

• develop and apply problem-solving strategies
• learn to explain answers and solution processes
• make mathematical connections to different topics, other curriculum areas, and everyday life
• collect, organize, and describe data
• create and interpret simple graphs and surveys with both pictorial and symbolic representations
• read and write numbers up to three digits
• understand and use whole number operations (+, -) both concretely and symbolically
• explore simple multiple digit addition and subtraction using 100s grids, base-10 blocks, and manipulatives
• explore basic grouping and place value concepts using 100s grids, base-10 blocks, and manipulatives
• recognize and name common shapes and solve geometric problems
• explore measurement concepts including length, weight, area, time, temperature, and money
• measure length with a variety of standard and non-standard measurements
• be introduced to telling time to the quarter hour
• use number knowledge to estimate with increasing accuracy
• interpret data on a graph